Facts about Strokes: from http://nihseniorhealth.go
-Each year in the United States, approximately 795,000 people have a stroke.
-About 610,000 of these are first or new strokes.
-On average, one American dies from stroke every four minutes.
-Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, and causes more serious long-term disabilities than any other disease.
-Nearly three-quarters of all strokes occur in people over the age of 65.
-the risk of having a stroke more than doubles each decade between the ages of 55 and 85.
What is a stroke?: A stroke is sometimes called a “brain attack.” Most often, stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain stops because it is blocked by a clot.
Types of Strokes:
-The most common kind of stroke is called ischemic stroke. It accounts for approximately 80 percent of all strokes. It is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain.
-The other kind of stroke is called hemorrhagic stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke is caused by a blood vessel that breaks and bleeds into the brain.
Effects of a stroke:
–movement:A common disability that results from stroke is complete paralysis on one side of the body. The paralysis or weakness may affect only the face, an arm, or a leg, or it may affect one entire side of the body and face.
–thinking: Stroke may cause problems with thinking, awareness, attention, learning, judgment, and memory.
–speech: Stroke victims often have a problem forming or understanding speech. This problem is called aphasia
–emotional:A stroke can also lead to emotional problems. Stroke patients may have difficulty controlling their emotions or may express inappropriate emotions in certain situations. One common disability that occurs with many stroke patients is depression.
these are warning signs of a stroke:
- sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
- sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
- sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
- sudden severe headache with no known cause.
Don’t Ignore “Mini-Strokes”
Sometimes the warning signs of stroke may last only a few moments and then disappear. These brief episodes, known as transient ischemic attacks or TIAs, are sometimes called “mini-strokes.”
Although brief, TIAs identify an underlying serious condition that isn’t going away without medical help
ADLs (activities of daily living)
What are ADLs?: Activities of daily living (ADL) are routine activities that people tend do every day without needing assistance.
*The six basic ADLs: eating, bathing, dressing, toileting, ambulation (walking) and continence.
* others include: medication management, personal hygiene, passive supervision (prevent wandering or and self-injury), and managing finances, cooking, laundry, and driving